Health Care Use and Health Behaviors among Young Adults with History a of Parental Incarceration
Date:  07-23-2018

Study finds parental incarceration is associated with lower health care and problematic behaviors in early adulthood
From AAP News:

The United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, and nearly 60% of incarcerated adults are parents to minor children. At least 5 million children in the United States have had a parent who lived with them go to jail or prison. Black, low-income, and rural children experience disproportionately high rates of parental incarceration (PI). Most children experience the incarceration of a father; however, maternal incarceration is increasingly more common because of rising incarceration rates among women. Mothers tend to have slightly more children than fathers at the time of incarceration.

Although incarceration may have a marked impact on an incarcerated individual’s life, it also disrupts the family unit and thereby negatively affects his or her children. PI has been identified as 1 of several adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), a group of traumatic or persistent childhood experiences associated with poor physical and mental health across the life course. PI is associated with learning delays and behavioral problems, perhaps because of the traumatic separation from a parent, the loss of parental resources, and the lack of social support. The authors of a growing body of literature indicate that PI is detrimental to health in childhood and adulthood. The prevalence of asthma, HIV and AIDS, depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder is higher among individuals with a history of PI.

Read the full study here.