New Release: Correctional Populations in the U.S. 2016
Date:  04-30-2018

Bureau of Justice Statistics report shows almost one in 38 were under some form of correctional supervision at year-end 2016
From the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics report:

HIGHLIGHTS:

  • In 2016, the number of persons supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems dropped for the ninth consecutive year.

  • From 2007 to 2016, the portion of the adult population under supervision of U.S. correctional systems decreased by 18%, from 3,210 to 2,640 per 100,000 adult residents. ?

  • The percentage of adults supervised by the U.S. correctional system was lower in 2016 than at any time since 1993.

  • The incarceration rate has declined since 2009 and is currently at its lowest rate since 1996. ?

  • On December 31, 2016, an estimated 6,613,500 persons were supervised by U.S. adult correctional systems, about 62,700 fewer persons than on January 1, 2016.

  • About 1 in 38 adults (or 2.6% of persons age 18 or older in the United States) were under some form of correctional supervision at year-end 2016. ?

  • The correctional population declined 0.9% during 2016 due to decreases in both the community supervision (down 1.1%) and incarcerated (down 0.5%) populations. ?

  • The community supervision population fell from 4,586,900 on January 1, 2016, to 4,537,100 on December 31, 2016.

  • All of the decrease in the community supervision population in 2016 was due to a decline in the probation population (down 52,500). ?

  • The incarcerated population decreased slightly from 2,172,800 in 2015 to 2,162,400 in 2016. ?

  • All of the decrease in the incarcerated population was due to a decline in the prison population (down 21,200), while the jail population remained relatively stable.

    Read the full report here.