The U.S. Census Bureau reports that African Americans make up 12.6 percent of this country’s population. The NAACP states that African-Americans make up one million of the total 2.3 million people held in American prisons. Now a study released on January 6, 2014 in the journal “Crime & Delinquency” offers further statistics that reflect the racial disparity within the U.S. criminal justice system.
The study shows:
By age 18, 30 percent of black males, 26 percent of Hispanic males and 22 percent of white males have been arrested.
By age 23, 49 percent of black males, 44 percent of Hispanic males and 38 percent of white males have been arrested.
The statistics are significant for communities of color. The report concludes:
“Criminal records that show up in searches can impede employment, reduce access to housing, thwart admission to and financing for higher education and affect civic and volunteer activities such as voting or adoption. They also can damage personal and family relationships."
With regard to females and race the study found:
While the prevalence of arrest increased for females from age 18 to 23, the variation between races was slight. At age 18, arrest rates were 12 percent for white females and 11.8 percent and 11.9 percent for Hispanic and black females, respectively.
By age 23, arrest rates were 20 percent for white females and 18 percent and 16 percent for Hispanic and black females, respectively.